Tips on growing Hybrid, Grandiflora and Tea Roses2/7/2013


Tips on growing Hybrid, Grandiflora and Tea Roses             




"I once had a rose named after me and I was very flattered.  But I was not pleased to read the description in the catalogue;  no good in bed, but fine up against a wall."

                                                                                   Eleanor Roosevelt



You have to love Eleanor Roosevelt’s humor, but it highlights the importance of site selection when planting a rose bush.  Many people believe that roses are a great deal of work but you can enjoy abundant blooms by simply following some basic instructions.


Site Selection


Roses require at least six hours of direct sunshine daily.  Be cautious of roof overhangs that may prevent your rose from getting enough water.


How to Plant a Rose


For best results it is recommended that you plant your roses in a soil rich in organic matter. Dig a hole three times the size of the root mass and twice as deep.  Discard one third of the existing soil and add a prepared soil specific for roses or additional organic matter such as  composted manure and/or peat moss.  Add one cup of Rose-tone to the improved soil mixture and mix thoroughly.  Refill the soil in the hole to the point that the new rose plant’s bud union (where the canes meet the trunk) will be slightly below the finished grade (1/2 inch).  Be careful to spread the roots throughout the entire hole and backfill with improved soil until the hole is ¾ full.  Water well and allow to drain to settle the new soil.   Add the balance of the soil mixture and water again for final settling.  Add two inches of mulch to finish the planting. 


How to Feed a Rose


Roses require regular feeding for optimum results.  Rose-tone by Espoma is a complex blend of organic ingredients enhanced with Bio-tone beneficial microbes for optimum growth and blooming.  Begin feeding with Rose-tone in the spring when the bush first leafs out.  Continue your Rose-tone application once each month.  Discontinue feeding in late summer.


How to Water a Rose


It is best to water once every 4 days (depending on temperature and rainfall) preferably with a soaker hose.  At each watering you want the soil to be thoroughly soaked to a depth of at least 12 inches.  When watering, try not to allow water to splash on the foliage as this can cause disease problems.


How to Prune a Rose


Almost all roses require pruning for optimum performance.  In the spring, Hybrid Teas, Floribundas, and Grandifloras roses should be cut back dramatically leaving only the strongest canes approximately 8” to 12” long.  Throughout the season prune to remove week, diseased, or crossing shoots or canes. 


A Note About Pests and Disease


The best defense against pests and diseases is properly caring for your roses.  If you do encounter a problem, please stop in the garden center for some assistance.


Too much work?  Try -Knock-Out Roses


For those who love a rose, but would prefer less work, a great alternative is the Knock-Out Rose.  This is a shrub rose that blooms profusely, requires little to no care, and will allow you to enjoy roses clear through November.